4 Days Work Week possible in India?
Every individual working as an employee always waits for weekends to rest and enjoy doing what he/she loves doing. India, being one of the largest IT service providers, has a huge population employed and provides the benefit of a 5-day work-week. The year 2020 was a tragic for many, as some lost their loved ones and few witnessed critical medical conditions. After the revival of the economy, the governments and employers understood the importance of mental health and initiated experiments on fewer working days in a week. To provide time for self-care & spend quality time with family. We already have an article on mental health issues that can be useful for you at any time.
Many governments around the globe like Japan, Iceland, and New Zealand have tested 4 day work week. Asia’s industrial giant Japan is known to overwhelm its employees, exhausting them with extra workload and shifts. During the pandemic, working from home allowed employees to take a break from this extreme work culture as they could have a better work-life balance. Now that the country is rebuilt, the government has proposed a four-day working week to ensure that people do not quit and have a better balance of working life.
Working Hours in India
There are fixed weekly hours established for employees under labor law which is 48 hours. If companies work four days a week, workers should work 10-15 hours a day, instead of 8 hours (5 working days) or 6 hours (6 working days). Longer working hours result in lower employee productivity.
Developed nations like Germany, Sweden, Norway, New Zealand, Japan, etc. can afford to close their office for long hours. India is a developing nation with more than a billion population. It mainly depends on the outsourcing services industry. Being labor-intensive gives tough competition in global outsourcing as India has a skilled workforce and round-the-clock services.
If we compare India’s weekly 48 working hours with European states, which is 35-40 hours a week for five working days is a bit high. In a country where most companies and sectors work even for six days a week, there are fewer chances of a four-day work-week to be accepted by the majority of the Indian employers.
Many confuse the concept of a 4-day work week with compressed hours employees who are expected to still work 48 hours, but who actually show a decreased level of productivity over the course of 4 days and can also affect employee engagement and work-life balance, and general happiness. To achieve the desired effects, a 4-day week should consist of standard 12-hour days.
India’s Stand Point
India is likely on the verge of becoming one of the major global economic powers around the globe. It has set the goals of having a strong economy that could fulfill its citizen’s life with a particular standard. Reducing down the working time could precisely affect the growth pace. On the other hand, excess work has resulted in quitting the job or shifting from one to another.
Cybersecurity company TAC Security has shifted to a 4-day work-week, closing on Fridays for better productivity. If it makes workers more productive and happier, it will make the policy permanent in Mumbai office.
Many more such trial processes will be in practice, as the wellbeing policies of those organizations will get updated in context to the productivity of their employees and their mental health.
It will be a key to watch how the Indian government takes into consideration all the state’s resources and recommendations. Even employees and labors should get the option to choose the working hours.