- Human intelligence is God’s gift and artificial intelligence has been created by humans.
- Artificial intelligence deals with building intelligent machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. Artificial intelligence intends to create devices that can mimic human behavior and conduct human-like actions.
- Human intelligence is associated with diverse learning and experience; it does not rely on pre-processed data, such as those required for AI.
- In the future, a robot’s brain will be engineered to be as close to the human brain as possible.
Artificial intelligence deals with building intelligent machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. Self-driving cars, Robo-advisors, Conversational Bots, Email Spam Filters, and Netflix’s recommendations are some examples of artificial intelligence. Human intelligence is God’s gift and has been created by humans. Intelligence, whether human or artificial, is critical.
Human intelligence is a quality that assists humans in learning, comprehending, and solving problems with brilliant ideas, whereas artificial intelligence is something that mimics human beings based on the information they receive.
Types of AI
The following are the basic types of AI:
- Reactive Machines
- Limited Memory
- Theory of Mind
AI in Robots
Over the years, researchers and scientists have worked tirelessly to create human-clone robots. While they have made great success in terms of physical capabilities, robots’ central control mechanisms or intelligence remain inferior to human intelligence. Humans adapt to situations and their surroundings and make decisions accordingly, whereas robots’ reactions and actions are pre-programmed data and codes.
With the accelerating application of robots in several industries around the globe, the need to replicate human intelligence in robots has increased. They have some weaknesses, like:
- Lack of flexible movements
- Limited intelligence and control over it.
- Cannot have a natural interaction with humans.
- Limitations like these have a greater impact on service robots
As a result, there was a need to make robot intelligence as close to human intelligence as possible, such as by mimicking the strategies used by the human brain to make decisions in daily life and routine.
Neurorobotics is the intersection of neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and robotics, with biologically inspired theories tested in controlled environments.
While artificial intelligence aids in the replication of intelligence through artificial means, neuroscience is concerned with investigating and comprehending intelligence and related biological systems.
With the help of neuroscience
Over the years, advances in neuroscience have enabled the collection of massive amounts of data. The rapidly evolving field has aided in gaining a better understanding of how the human brain works. This understanding of human brain activity is then translated into codes for robot brains and their operations. Scientists now have more knowledge and understanding of the human brain.
The human brain, for example, has a meta-controller that determines how the brain switches between different activities to perform complex tasks. Another important example is that of the human pain system. A robot’s performance can be improved in terms of efficiency, flexibility, and safety by replicating the brain’s code for this.
Is it a real replica of human intelligence?
Humans have attempted to acquire intelligence in machines to facilitate their work. There are robots, bots, and humanoids that organize with humans from numerous points of view. These AI-based applications have a higher speed of execution, higher operational capacity and accuracy, while likewise profoundly huge in monotonous positions compared with humans. Human Intelligence, on the other hand, is associated with diverse learning and experience.
It does not generally rely on pre-processed data, such as those required for AI. When compared to the machine’s equipment and programming foundation, human memory, its registering power, and the human body as an element may appear insignificant. However, the depth and layers of information present in our brain are far more unpredictable and complex, which machines cannot beat, at least not anytime soon.
The difference between AI and human intelligence:
- Human intelligence is revised to the modern environment by using cognitive processes and artificial intelligence intends to create devices that can mimic human behavior and conduct human-like actions.
- Humans can learn from past experiences and ideas. The machine can learn through regular training.
- Humans use the brain and thinking ability, whereas AI machines depend on the data provided to them.
- Artificial intelligence requires more time to adopt new changes. Humans can easily adapt and learn things.
- AI machines handle more data at a higher speed compared to humans.
Artificial intelligence has progressed from science fiction to reality, and there is no doubt that artificial intelligence is shaping every industry and propelling the world forward. However, it is still not possible to precisely replicate human intelligence. It cannot be ignored that in the future, a robot’s brain will be engineered to be as close to the human brain as possible.
– Varada Ukidave