Because India’s resources and markets are scattered across large areas, providing efficient, low-cost, dependable, and safe transportation infrastructure and services becomes even more important. With a total length of 5.89 million kilometers, India boasts the world’s second-largest road network (km). This road network carries 64.5 percent of all products in India, while 90 percent of all passenger traffic in India travels by road. The sale of vehicles and the transit of freight by road in India are rapidly increasing. However, the current road infrastructure is inadequate for these changing trends. Uniform construction of roads in urban and rural areas remains a dream. Moreover, maintenance and repair work on existing roads is sluggish and unprofessional.

Road engineering in India has progressively taken a backseat since the introduction of roads as their structure has deteriorated beyond the point of repair in most regions. There is no adequate process in place for road safety audits, which means there is no meaningful, independent effort to verify that highway designs and construction are as safe as possible. Potholes, semi-constructed roads, poorly concreted speed breakers, and a deteriorating drainage system on the roads are contributing to an increase in accidents, deaths, and health problems in the country, as well as a source of frustration, as demonstrated by the recent massive traffic jam in Gurgaon, in the Indian capital’s region. The issue is due to three factors:

1.Unstable and poor quality material used for construction

2.Lack of maintenance

3.Lack of organized construction of roads

In many cities, roads have been constructed in alternating segments of cement and asphalt without proper alignment, uniformity of distribution. This has led to greater instability of their structure and early deterioration. There has also been a rise in spinal injuries among persons who ride two-wheelers, as well as other spinal issues among drivers of all types of vehicles. In recent years, several accidents and even deaths have been reported as a result of potholes, uneven speed breakers, and roads in need of repair or development, and the numbers are steadily rising.

Indian residents have a legal entitlement to well-maintained roadways, and any losses incurred as a result of inadequate road infrastructure can be recovered. However, the authorities have been denying the right from its inception, and potholes remain a terrible reality throughout the country.

Choosing asphalt over cement would prove to be beneficial to the roads of the country. In September 2011, a Ministry investigation discovered a shortage of trained technicians on building sites. There are also claims that rules prohibiting machines and contractors are in place, forcing unskilled manual labor to maximize employment, resulting in roads that are damaged every monsoon season and must be rebuilt every year.

When it comes to motor transportation, there is minimal cooperation and coordination across states. As a result, motor transportation faces several challenges. In this regard, the states should adopt a coordinated approach. In India, 60% of villages lack access to highways. It harms our agricultural and rural economies. In rural regions, the government should construct roads as quickly as possible. Additionally, there is a scarcity of guest homes and motels along the highways. More guest rooms should be erected along the roadside so that people may travel great distances without difficulty.

Due to increased operating expenses of road transport due to high prices of petroleum products and diesel, as well as India’s significant tax load on motor vehicles, the method of transportation is becoming more expensive.

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