Biggest industrial location in India


Over the past decade, the Indian government has implemented many strong economic reforms. The introduction of GST and investor-friendly laws have helped many industries to increase their profits and many sustain themselves. These favorable conditions make India stand firm in these critical financial conditions worldwide. Quite a number of major industry segments in India are doing very well in India and producing billionaires. Certain industrial segments have a positive impact on the Indian economy by meeting both domestic and export needs and outperforming others.

From the world’s largest center for cutting and polishing diamonds to a centuries-old hub for silk brocade, there are industrial clusters spread across India.Emerging hi-tech centers to some which are grappling with many problems, there are quite some surprises on India’s manufacturing map.

India’s manufacturing hubs

  • ​Bharuch: Petroleum, petrochemicals, pharmaceutical, chemicals, fertilizer, metal fabrication, and shipbuilding. Gujarat’s biggest liquid cargo terminal is situated here and the city houses many multinational companies, such as Videocon, BASF, Reliance, and Welspun Maxsteel. 6,000 people employed (in the petrochem sector).
  • Ludhiana: The apparel industry manufactures woollen garments and hosiery apparel, hand tools and industrial equipment, bicycle manufacturing, bicycle parts, and metal fabrication. 12,000 small and major industrial units that manufacture hosiery products. Rs 15,000 cr Annual revenue from the woollen apparel industry.
  • Moradabad: Brassware: The district houses 600 export units, and over 5000 industries Estimated turnover of Rs 9,700 cr.Export of Rs 5,400 crore.10,50,000 people employed.
  • Firozabad: Glass & glass products: The industry began in the late 18th century when Muslim artists settled in the town and began making glass bangles.4,222 units are operational.Turnover of about Rs 4,000 cr annually.33,700 people employed.
  • Kanpur: Leather, textiles: Home of many governments and private textile mills from the pre-Independence era but today most of them have shut down. Now better known for leather products and automobile and machinery parts.In the 1990s, the leather industry employed over 1 mn workers, Now the number is estimated to be less than half.
  • Varanasi: Handloom & handicrafts: Traditional handloom and silk brocade weaving clusters dating back centuries.17 lakh power loom units employing 80 lakh workers.1.5 lakh weavers in Varanasi.
  • Surat: Diamond cutting & polishing: Started more than a century ago. Today it’s the world’s biggest diamond cutting and polishing center.5,000 manufacturing units.Annual exports of over $20 billion.1.5 million people employed.
  • Pune: Pune is the second largest city in Maharashtra and is often referred to as the ‘Oxford of the East’ due to its concentration of educational and research facilities – four universities and more than 200 colleges and ubiquitous research centers.

The city is an automobile, consumer durables, and information technology (IT) hub for Indian and foreign companies. Leading foreign manufacturers include the German automakers Volkswagen and Mercedez-Benz, as well as American, Korean, and Chinese companies. The city is the third largest contributor to India’s IT exports.

  • Kochi: Seafood, fisheries, oil refining, spices.Approximately 1,39,865 tonnes of spices were produced every year.Exports valued at Rs 1,76,642 cr.99 seafood processing facilities.
  • Tirupur: Textiles: It is the largest cotton textiles, and cotton knitwear, a manufacturing hub in the country since the 1970s. It is also one of the biggest exporting centers of cotton textiles.Over 1000 units Tirupur’s export turnover is over Rs 20,000 cr and domestic sales Rs 15,000 cr.3,00,000 people employed.
  • Chennai: Automobiles & Auto Components: Started in the 1950s, with Ashok Leyland setting up manufacturing plants to produce cars.Now, it is an automobile manufacturing hub for companies like Hyundai, Ford, Daimler, and BMW. The components industry has also flourished, with turnover approximately touching $40 billion every year.
  • Vijayawada: Auto parts: The development of the auto components cluster in Vijaywada is part of the Andhra government’s industrial policy. The Jawahar Lal Nehru Auto Nagar estate is one of the largest auto components industrial hubs in Asia.Over 800 working units.1,00,000 people employed.
  • Bhilai: Steel and ancillary industries: SAIL’s Bhilai Steel Plant in Chhattisgarh was set up in 1955 and is India’s main producer of steel rails, as well as wide steel plates and other steel products.Annual production capacity of 3.153 MT of saleable steel.Annual exports of over $20 billion 600 ancillary units.People employed in steel and ancillary industries: 50,000.
  • Jamshedpur: Iron and steel, auto parts: Tata Steel is one of the top steel-producing companies globally with annual crude steel deliveries of 27.5 million tonnes (in FY17).The other main industries are truck manufacturing, tinplate production, cement, and other small and medium-scale units.74,000 employees in the steel sector.

Minor Industrial Regions:

  1. Ambala-Amritsar in Haryana-Punjab.
  2. Saharanpur-Muzaffamagar-Bijnaur in Uttar Pradesh.
  3. Indore-Dewas-Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh.
  4. Jaipur-Ajmer in Rajasthan.
  5. Kolhapur-South Kannada in Maharashtra-Karnataka.
  6. Northern Malabar in Kerala.
  7. Middle Malabar in Kerala.
  8. Adilabad-Nizamabad in Andhra Pradesh.
  9. Allahabad-Varanasi-Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.
  10. Bhojpur-Munger in Bihar.
  11. Durg-Raipur in Chhattisgarh.
  12. Bilaspur-Korba in Chhattisgarh.
  13. Brahmaputra Valley in Assam.

Final Thought

The economy has shown impressive growth over the past few decades coupled with a significant reduction in poverty. According to the International Monetary Fund, India’s economic growth is expected to reach 7.5 percent by 2022. This will make India one of the fastest growing economies in the world and India’s aspiration to be among the best could be realized soon.

Amrin Ahmed

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