Challenges in Robotics Industry

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We all know what Robot is, nowadays robots are mainly used in industrial sectors. Robots are tools that can record, program, and act independently. In addition to performing tasks independently, they can also expand human capabilities and imitate human actions. An industrial robot is a robotic system used in construction. Automated industrial robots are programmable and can move on three or more axes. Common uses of robots include welding, coating, assembling, disassembling, picking up and placing circuit boards, packaging, labeling, unpacking, inspection, and product testing. Also, they can help with transport materials. According to the International Robotics Federation, around 3 million industrial robots will be in use worldwide by 2021.

Although the concept of robotics has been around for many years, over the past few decades it has only evolved in terms of complexity and application. Today there are many practical applications of robotics in various fields. Here I want to mention some types of robots:

  • Military: Recent developments in military forces around the world have switched to robots in areas such as drones, UGV (Unmanned Ground Vehicle), sorting, and tracking.
  • Exploration: We often use robots to reach inaccessible areas. A good example of exploratory robots is in space exploration, such as the Curiosity Rover on Mars.
  • Industrial: Perhaps the most common use of robots for simple and repetitive industrial work. Examples include assembly line work, ordering, packaging, welding, and the like. They offer reliability, accuracy, and speed.
  • Medical: Medical technology robots are used in a variety of ways in the healthcare world. Whether laboratory sample management, surgical assistance, rehabilitation, or physiotherapy.

Though there is a lot of pros of robots being part of our life we must not ignore the fact that there are some cons as well which can affect our life. Let me prove it to you:

  • In some industries, robots are replacing human jobs, creating unemployment.
  • Robots with practical applications are often expensive in terms of initial cost, maintenance, need for additional components, so not everyone can afford them.
  • In general, robots can only do what they are programmed to do, Hance. they cannot improvise (although artificial intelligence and machine learning will change that).

Challenges faced by the robotic industry:

  • Connecting humans and robots: Robots can be better utilized when they are designed to work with humans. In an industrial environment, robots must interact with humans in some way. However, human interaction is a major challenge in robotics.
  • Create better sources of energy: Most of the current robots are very inefficient in terms of energy consumption. No great progress has been made in the development of energy resources for robots. These robots still rely on older technology to generate and store energy.
  • Building multipurpose robots: Robots can do a job effectively. However, one robot cannot perform multiple functions with the same efficiency or effectiveness. Robots in industrial environments are usually stationary and perform repetitive tasks. However, as competition increases, companies need to employ robots that can do several things to reduce costs and increase productivity.
  • Development of reliable artificial intelligence: Robots are usually programmed using artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques. However, despite the advances in these technologies, we have not yet reached a point where the technology can be fully trusted.

This technical progress helps us in many areas of life and can change the future for us. But I also agree that the robotics industry has its very own challenges. There is still a long way to go before we can truly enjoy the benefits of this industry.

–       Amrin 

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