Because healthcare is one of the most sensitive industries, affecting us in almost every way imaginable, including emotionally, physically, mentally, and financially, the impact of the new economy and technology in healthcare necessitates immediate attention to address the challenges they pose. The healthcare industry contributes significantly to societal well-being and economic development. A strong healthcare system reflects a country’s level of development, thus any obstacles in this area must be solved quickly.
Some of the major challenges faced by the Healthcare sector include:
1. Inadequate Health Spending
The government’s contribution to the health sector is barely 0.9 percent of GDP, according to the National Health Policy of 2002. This is far from enough. In India, public health spending accounts for 17.3 percent of total health spending, while it accounts for 24.9 percent in China, 45.4 percent in Sri Lanka, and 44.1 percent in the United States. This is the primary cause of the country’s poor health standards.
In India, health services, particularly allopathic services, are highly costly. It has a significant impact on the average person. The cost of a variety of important drugs has increased. As a result, alternative medical systems should be given more attention. Ayurveda, Unani, and Homeopathy are less expensive and will better serve the average man. Finally, the healthcare system has numerous flaws. Effective planning and increased funding can help solve these issues.
3. Rural Population Ignorance
The neglect of India’s rural population is a fundamental flaw in the country’s health care system. It’s primarily a service provided by urban hospitals. Despite the vast number of PHCs and rural hospitals, urban bias is evident. According to health data, 31.5 percent of hospitals and 16% of hospital beds are located in rural areas, which account for 75% of the overall population.
4. Lack of Infrastructure
For a long time, India has struggled with inadequate infrastructure in the form of a dearth of well-equipped medical institutes. Furthermore, the rate of construction of such medical teaching or training institutions remains low in comparison to the urgent requirement. For a long time, government regulations required private medical institutions to be erected on a minimum of five acres of property. As a result, several private colleges were established in rural areas, where it became more difficult to recruit fully certified, full-time doctors due to a lack of appropriate living circumstances and poor pay scales.
5. The limited reach of Artificial Intelligence
Every industry has been transformed by technology and artificial intelligence, which has increased the productivity and efficiency of each activity. To deal with the growing amount of data, the hotel industry, too, requires more AI-integrated software applications. As the number of patient medical records, clinical notes, and administrative data grows tremendously, new methods for storage and management will be necessary. The enhanced database would be extremely beneficial to the hospital’s patients and record keepers. It will make information readily available and accessible, making it easier for patients to schedule appointments and maintain track of their therapy. While modern data management systems are being implemented in healthcare institutions, many hospitals are still in need of this technology.
6. Underdeveloped Telemedicine
The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated the necessity for expanded digital platforms among medical providers. Patients have to seek consultation on internet sites once social separation was imposed in 2020. This technology was new in many nations and desperate need of development. Patients and doctors were putting telehealth tools to the test for the first time, but it turned out to be a lifesaver for many people during the lockdown.
7. Unmanageable patient load
Healthcare institutions were already under duress before the Covid-19 pandemic because of an excessive patient load. Furthermore, administering healthcare facilities for a population of 1.4 billion people is a Herculean effort in and of itself.
To manage effective patient flow, healthcare institutions must employ technology wherever possible to optimize operational and clinical operations. Furthermore, there is the difficulty of thinking beyond the apparent and promoting virtual care protocols and telehealth services, which can be used to significantly reduce patient load stress.
8. Medical crimes
Despite the government enacting the Transplantation of Human Organs Act in 1994 to prevent the organ trade, human trafficking for organ removal continues to be a problem in India, according to a report. Low-income people’s kidneys are still purchased for transplantation by patients.