What is Depression?
Depression is something that we don’t usually talk about. Most of the time we mislead the term depression. Depression is a common and serious illness that negatively affects how you feel and it impacts your behavior. It can lead to various emotional and physical problems and someone can lose the ability to function at home and the workplace. Depression is different than usual mood swings and short live emotional responses to challenges in day-to-day life. It may become a serious health issue and can lead to suicide.
There are so many ways to treat depression but still, why people don’t want to talk about it? Why do we always stereotype mental health? Mental health like depression is a common illness worldwide. According to WHO, an estimated 3.8% of the population is affected, including 5.0% among adults and 5.7% among adults older than 60 years. Approximately 280 million people in the world have depression. Research has found that more women are affected by depression than men. There are some common reasons for depression, like long-term unemployment, living in an abusive or uncaring relationship, long-term isolation or loneliness, work stress these are likely to cause a depression that recent life stresses.
Factors that can play role in depression
Types of depression
- Major depressive disorder [MDD] – It has intense or overwhelming symptoms that last more than two weeks. These symptoms interfere with everyday life.
- Bipolar depression – People with bipolar depression have alternative mood swings. They have periods of low mood and extremely high-energy periods. They have depression symptoms such as sadness, hopelessness, or low energy.
- Perinatal and postpartum depression – “perinatal” means around birth. Perinatal depression can occur during pregnancy and up to one year after having a baby. It causes minor sadness, worry, or stress.
- Persistent depressive disorder [PDD] – Persistent depression is less severe than major depression. But people experience PDD symptoms for two years or longer.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder [PMDD] – It affects women in the days or weeks leading up to their menstrual period.
- Psychotic depression – People with psychotic depression have server depression symptoms and hallucinations. They believe in things those are not based on reality.
- Seasonal affective disorder [SAD] – Seasonal disorder usually starts in late fall and early winter. It often goes away during the spring and summertime.
Symptoms of depression
Depression can affect a person’s emotions, mind, and body. We think depression only occurs when a person is not mentally stable! Is that right? Let’s know more about depression –
- Feeling sad, hopeless, or tense.
- Not enjoying things that used to enjoy.
- Get easily irritated or annoyed.
- Eating too much or too little.
- Change sleeping habits.
- Having difficulty remembering things.
- Experience physical problems like headache, stomachache.
- Thinking about hurting or killing yourself.
How to treat depression syndrome?
Depression is severe, but it’s also treatable. Nowadays, counseling is what everyone suggests, which is helpful because talking with a mental health professional will help to address problems and develop skills; apart from that, regular exercise, getting enough sleep, and spending time with people you care about can improve depression symptoms. People with mild depression can improve their well-being with therapy such as massage, hypnosis, and biofeedback.
Can depression be prevented?
Depression can be prevented by getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, meditation, yoga, and regular self-care activities. If you have any depression symptoms get help, talk to someone, because expressing is important. And if you are not suffering from depression but anyone around you like your friend, family, or neighbor is suffering from it talk to them especially listen to what they say because if you neglect them while speaking, it triggers them more and more. Care can make people feel better sooner.