13.  E-waste - risks - 10 Best Waste Management Companies in India 2022

Waste management has become a concern for many, as it is getting mighty and more dangerous. Electronic waste, popularly termed e-waste is one of the fastest-growing waste and has no signs of slow-down. To get the knowledge about e-waste, first, we must understand the production procedure and materials used in it. 

Understanding electronic gadgets

Our life is preoccupied with electricity and electronic gadgets. From our Washing machine, Television, Desktop computer, Mobile phones, Toaster, Grinder and much more. We have been using these gadgets for years, and now they are running out of operations. 

Our regular dial watch has been upgraded with additional functioning to increase its efficiency and make the tech part easy on our hands. 

The ultimate aim of electronic items is to reduce human efforts and increase efficiency. Researchers and scientists are developing hardware tech for almost every machine. Even our cars operate mainly through a small motherboard that controls the functions. 

Technology development

The electronic industry is one of the principal innovative industries in the world. It has covered every sector directly or indirectly. Electronically operated medical equipment has helped the medical fraternity to research on disease, disorders and medicine. 

Technology is spreading its roots in almost every industry and has gained importance. Covid19 pandemic has indirectly nourished the requirement for technology. 

A decade ago, technology was majorly limited to big cities around the globe. Rural and suburban regions had specific amounts of tech in hand. As the internet service kept expanding, technology expanded its reach to almost every part of the earth. 

At the current stage, we have smart-solutions which make our daily life easygoing. If you are one of those who have attended the lectures in covid19 pandemic and attempted exams in the same period, or you have been working since the pandemic, then you know how technology came as a saviour. 

The E-waste 

It all was going well until the truth of electronic products came out of several pieces of research. The gadgets that we use in our daily life, contain several toxic or hazardous elements that damage us medically and contaminate our soil. 

Electronic components are manufactured from elements such as: lithium, cadmium, barium, lead, mercury, etc. These elements hold enough toxicity to affect severely human body parts like the brain, heart, liver, kidney, and skeletal system. 

India has a very high rate of PC penetration and mobile phones as well. These are a few of the examples of electronic gadgets that are high on demand. 

E-waste in India

As per the report by the Central Pollution Control Board, India has generated 10, 14, 961 tonnes of e-waste in the FY 2019-2020. It was about a 32% hike from the previous financial year. The report also stated that, out of this, only 10% of the e-waste was collected. 

The problem lies in the informal structure of the waste collection, which is still popular in places as kabadiwala. They are still one of the large-scale solid waste collectors in India. 

Effects of E-waste disposal 

The consequences of mismanaged e-waste can lead to serious hazards for the environment and human health. As we have an unstructured collection system high compared with a structured procedure, the chances of serious threats open up. 

Effect on Air

There have been some improper disposals like burning electronics in open spaces. This contaminates our air with several toxic chemical elements that can cause permanent damage to our respiratory system.

Effect on Soil 

The farmlands are the major source of food for us. Exposure of e-waste to such soil or nearby soil can affect the crops and groundwater as it carries heavy metals that can be vulnerable. 

Effect on Water 

Toxins such as mercury, lead and lithium leaked into mainstream water further get in contact with other resources that could pose a serious threat. Clean water is a basic necessity for every human. Acidification of water leads to severe effects on that region and further unfavourably impacts the environment as well. 

Effect on Humans 

As previously mentioned, how it affects the human body. One must consider not to take it lightly as it has indirectly affected several human’s medical health. 

It is always better to take precautions before the problem escalates. 

– Parag Ahire

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