Endoscopy: An Overview


What is Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is a procedure that involves inserting a long, thin tube into the body to examine an internal organ or tissue in great detail. It can also be utilized for other purposes, such as imaging and minor surgery.

Endoscopes are minimally invasive instruments that can be put into body openings such as the mouth or the anus.

They can also be placed into minor incisions, such as those in the knee or abdomen. Keyhole surgery is a type of surgery in which a small incision is made and special devices, such as an endoscope, are used to help with the procedure.

Modern endoscopy has shown to be extremely valuable in many fields of medicine because it poses low dangers, provides detailed images and is rapid to perform. Every year, tens of millions of endoscopies are performed

Salient features of Endoscopy

1. Endoscopies are simple and painless procedures.

2. In 1806 the first endoscope was created.

3. Endoscopy is used for a variety of purposes, including inquiry, confirmation, and therapy.

4. Tumors or polyps in the digestive tract can be removed via endoscopy.

Types of Endoscopy

• Gastrointestinal tract: esophagus, stomach, and duodenum (esophagogastroduodenoscopy), small intestine (enteroscopy), large intestine/colon (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy), bile duct, rectum (rectoscopy), and anus (anoscopy).

• Respiratory tract: Nose (rhinoscopy), lower respiratory tract (bronchoscopy).

• Ear: Otoscopy

• Urinary tract: Cystoscopy

• Female reproductive tract (gyroscope): Cervix (colposcopy), uterus (hysteroscopy), fallopian tubes (fluoroscopy).

• Through a small incision: Abdominal or pelvic cavity (laparoscopy), the interior of a joint (arthroscopy), organs of the chest (thoracoscopy and mediastinoscopy).

Capsule Endoscopy

Capsule endoscopy, which uses a wireless camera, was created in the mid-1990s. The camera can be ingested since it is small enough to fit within a capsule (about the size of a vitamin tablet).

Thousands of photos are taken while the capsule goes through the digestive tract and transferred to a gadget attached to a wearing belt.

The small intestine is imaged using capsule endoscopy, which is difficult to scan with traditional endoscopy. It can also be used to examine the mucosa of the small intestine and diagnose Crohn’s disease. The source you can trust. Within 24-48 hours, the capsule should travel through the digestive system.

Risks involved

Endoscopy has the following risks:

1. Over-sedation, even though sedation is not always required

2. Feeling bloated for a few hours after the procedure

3. Slight cramps

4. A numb throat for a few hours due to the use of local anesthetic

5. Infection of the region of investigation: this most usually happens when other procedures are performed at the same time. In most cases, the infections are small and may be treated with medication.

6. Internal bleeding, typically small and potentially curable by endoscopic cauterization, occurs in 1 in every 2,500-11,000 occurrences of endoscope perforation or rupture of the lining of the stomach or esophagus.

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