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India has achieved great progress in the delivery of healthcare in the country during the last few decades. It has been one of the greatest sectors in terms of employment and income, and it is rapidly expanding. In India, healthcare is primarily provided by either public or private providers. The major goal of public healthcare is to provide primary care through community-based health programs, to reduce death and morbidity from various communicable and non-communicable diseases. Basic health services are supplied through sub-centers and primary health centers, while secondary and tertiary care is given by better-equipped establishments such as community health centers, district hospitals, and medical colleges, which are primarily located at district headquarters.

Tier I and II cities are where the private sector is most concentrated. When inequities and problems to egalitarian, accessible, and high-quality healthcare are examined geographically, the discrepancies and challenges become apparent.

Estimated Numbers

India’s healthcare market is estimated to reach USD372 billion by 2022, driven by growing healthcare awareness, rising incomes, increased access to insurance, and lifestyle-related disorders. By 2025, the Indian government wants healthcare spending to reach 2.5 percent of GDP (gross domestic product). The COVID-19 pandemic has also changed the way the government and private players intend to reform the healthcare sector. Telemedicine services have received more attention, and the government has established new criteria to make telemedicine a legitimate activity in India.

Region-wise quality of healthcare

India’s south

In many Indian communities, medical services are offered by unlicensed doctors who do not have the necessary qualifications to treat or diagnose patients. These doctors are usually only consulted when a patient has a common illness such as a cold, cough, or fever. These informal practitioners in Andhra Pradesh interact with patients at their homes and prefer to prescribe allopathic drugs.

Many people in the south of India prefer to use these informal providers since they provide services at a reduced rate. These people aren’t doing anything illegal, but they frequently consult with people who are far more qualified than they are.

India’s North

The private medical sector in India does not have a uniform standard of care across all offices, resulting in a wide range of healthcare services. In a recent in-depth study published in Reproductive Health Matters it was revealed that 137 of the 146 maternity medical clinics assessed did not have a qualified birthing assistant, which is critical for maternity homes because proper treatment cannot be provided without the presence of maternity specialists in some severe instances.

Leading Healthcare Providers in India

1. AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), New Delhi

2. PGIMER, Chandigarh

3. Christian Medical College, Vellore

4. Apollo Hospital, Chennai

5. Medanta, The Medicity, Gurgaon

6. Fortis Hospital, Kolkata

7. Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai

8. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry

9. Sankara Netralaya, Chennai

Sources and references : https://www.newshour.press/health/healthcare-industry-in-india-an-overview/

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