Indian Varieties of Rice

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Some of the well-known varieties of Rice in India can be enlisted as follows:

AizonMedium GrainAssam
AmbemoharShort GrainMaharashtra
BalamiMedium GrainOdisha
BasmatiLong GrainPunjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
Bhut MuriMedium GrainWest Bengal
Burma BlackMedium GrainKarnataka
Chakhao PoireitonMedium GrainManipur
Dubraj Medium GrainMadhya Pradesh,Chhattisgarh
Gandhsale
Long GrainKarnataka
GobindobhogMedium GrainWest Bengal
HMT KolamMedium GrainMaharashtra
IndrayaniMedium GrainMaharashtra
JawafulMedium GrainMadhya Pradesh
Jeera SambaShort GrainAndhra Pradesh
JeerakasalaShort GrainKerala
JohaShort GrainAssam
KalabatiMedium GrainOdisha
KalanamakMedium GrainUttar Pradesh
KaminiMedium GrainWest Bengal
Kappa SambaShort GrainTamil Nadu
Katta SambarMedium GrainTamil Nadu
KullakarShort GrainTamil Nadu
KuttanadShort GrainKerala
LaxmibhogMedium GrainWest Bengal
MattaShort GrainKerala
MiniketLong GrainWest Bengal
MograLong GrainPunjab, Haryana
MolakolukuluMedium GrainAndhra Pradesh
Mysore Mallige
Short GrainKarnataka
NavaraMedium GrainKerala
ParmalLong GrainHaryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh
PatnaLong GrainBihar
PatniShort GrainOdisha
PonniMedium GrainTamil Nadu
PusaLong GrainPunjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
Pusa 1121BasmatiLong Grain Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh
RajamudiMedium GrainKarnataka
Salem Sanna
Medium GrainKarnataka
SambaShort GrainTamil Nadu
Samba MahsuriMedium GrainTelangana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh
SannakkiShort GrainKerala
Selam Samba
Short GrainTamil Nadu
SharbatiLong GrainPunjab, Haryana
Sona MasooriMedium GrainAndhra Pradesh, Telangana , Karnataka
SugandhaLong GrainPunjab, Haryana
Surti KolamMedium GrainGujarat, Tamil Nadu
Thavala KannanShort GrainKerala
TulaipanjiMedium GrainWest Bengal
Wada KolamMedium GrainMaharashtra

Due to the limitation of space only a few popular varieties will be discussed here:

Ambe Mohor

Ambemohar, which translates to “mango blossom” in Marathi, is a well-known non-basmati rice variety grown exclusively in Pune’s Maval region. In Mulshi taluka, which is surrounded by the Sahyadri, this variety of rice grows. According to residents, this rice has been grown here for years and was served during Peshwa Baji Rao’s legendary feasts and festivals. The soil is acidic (pH 5.5–6.7), iron and aluminum-rich, and either red to reddish-brown silty or black clayey.

The rice crop at Ambemohar can reach a height of 6 feet. The cultivation time is between 140 and 160 days. It is harvested by hand with simple hand equipment such as sickles and knives. After harvesting, the rice is stored in an open area. Rice panicles are stored with extreme caution to avoid water damage to the inner grains. Rice can be threshed by hand or by machine.

Ambemohar has little spherical grains and is white. When cooked, this short-grained rice has a distinctly sweet flavor and aroma that resembles mango blossoms. This rice has a smooth texture, is easily digested, contains around 70% starch, and cooks in less time. Potassium and Vitamin B Complex are abundant in this fruit.

Basmati

Basmati Rice is a long-grain aromatic rice that has been grown for centuries in a specific geographical area in the Himalayan foothills of the Indian subcontinent. It is blessed with extra-long slender grains that elongate at least twice their original size when cooked, as well as a soft and fluffy texture, delicious taste, superior aroma, and distinct flavor. Basmati rice is grown in the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttarakhand, and western Uttar Pradesh. Basmati rice grows well in a variety of soils. Heavy neutral soils like clay loam, clay, and loamy, on the other hand, are ideal for its cultivation. These soils can retain water for prolonged periods. For optimal yield, the pH range of the soil should be 5.0 to 8.5.

Wada Kolam

It’s an indigenous rice variety with a flavor that’s earthy. It’s also a small-grain rice variety that’s commonly used to make “Pej (Kanji),”‘Plain Rice,” and “Khichdi,” among other dishes. Although this rice type is well-known for its flavor, it is in danger of extinction. Because of its low yield per acre, many local farmers have abandoned the cultivation of this rice type. Wada Kolam is a Maharashtra kolam from the Wada region in the Palghar district.

Dubraj

Dubraj is rice with medium grain size. Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are the states where it is primarily grown. It’s also a fragrant rice type, so you can cook delectable rice dishes at home with it. The shape and texture of Dubraj rice do not deteriorate. As a result, it’s a fantastic alternative to Basmati rice. It’s a typical Indian cultivar with an amylose and gelatinization temperature that’s in the middle. This rice paddy is longer than regular rice varieties such as HMT and Sarna.

Bamboo rice

Bamboo Rice is a unique rice species found in India. It’s made from the withering Bamboo shoots, and it’s significantly different from regular white and red rice. When a Bamboo shoot concludes its life cycle, it blooms and produces a large number of rice-like seeds. Kerala’s tribal inhabitants collect this rice as a primary diet. In terms of appearance, it appears to be similar to any other paddy rice type. However, after cooking, it becomes wet and loses its texture. It has a flavor that is similar to wheat grains. It’s also sticky rice, therefore you can only create plain rice with it.

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