Jaipur at a glance
Jaipur, popularly also known as the pink city of India, is home to some breathtaking palaces and architectural craftsmanship. This city has a rich history and culture. It was founded in the year 1727 by Swami Jaisingh II. It is is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan.
In 2011, the city had a population of 3.1 million, making it the 10th largest city in the country. Jaipur is also called Pink City because of the unique colors of its buildings. It is also known as Paris of India and Dr. CV. Raman is called the Isle of Glory. It is located 268 km (167 miles) from New Delhi. On July 6, 2019, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee designated Jaipur as a “Pink City of India” as a World Heritage Site. Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Jai Singh II, ruler of Kacha and Rajput and ruler of Amer, and gave it its name. It is one of the first planned cities in modern India, founded by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. During the British colonial era, the city was the capital of the province of Jaipur. After independence in 1947, Jaipur became the capital of the new state of Rajasthan.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Emperor of Amer, who reigned from 1699 to 1743 until November 18, 1727; planned to move the city 11 miles (7 miles) from Amer to Jaipur to accommodate the crowds and water scarcity. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while preparing the layout of Jaipur. Under the leadership of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur was planned according to the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra. Construction of the city began in 1726 and took four years to complete highways, offices, and palaces.
The architectural plan of Jaipur may be ancient, but modern conquest. Best represented by the City Palace complex, this building combines all the elements of Rajput and Mughal architecture to create a new tradition that is available in many parts of northern India. As in the Mughal tradition, the durbar or courtyard is more open, with a series of arched gazebos anchored to delicately handcrafted columns. The decoration has always been part of the national architectural heritage and today is much more ornate. The family’s personal wings also expanded the fun. As protection was no longer a major concern, larger and more beautiful windows were made on the outer wing to offer a view of the street or the courtyard. The garden was not just for indoor use but was added to the outdoor landscape, and water, an important part of Mughal palaces and gardens, was used in canals and aqueducts along the similar path.
Places to visit
Jaipur city is famous for its forts and palaces that are, in a broader sense, a structural marvel in India.
Tourists most probably visit Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Nahargarh Fort, Birla Mandir, Birla Auditorium, Galtaji Mandir, Govind Dev Ji Temple, Moti Dungri Ganesh Temple, Sanghiji Jain Temple, and the Jaipur Zoo. The Amer Fort is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan.
It is a huge and beautiful city to visit at least once on your Indian trip. Never forget to have some delicious food on its street as well. You’ll never forget the taste of Rajasthan’s delicious snacks and food.