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What is Male Pattern Balding?

The most prevalent type of hair loss in men is male pattern baldness, commonly known as androgenic alopecia. Male pattern baldness affects more than half of all males over the age of 50, according to the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Genetics

Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is caused by the genes you inherited from your parents. It’s unclear how it’s passed on, although it does tend to run in families. If you have close ancestors who are balding, you’re more likely to get the condition yourself.

Doctors aren’t sure why certain hormonal changes lead hair follicles to shrink, or why the balding process for most men follows the same pattern. However, it commonly begins with thinning hair above the temples and head.

Male pattern baldness can begin as early as your teens, depending on your family history. Your hair will become thinner, as well as softer, finer, and shorter.

Medical Issues

Hair loss that isn’t permanent can be a sign of a medical concern, such as anemia or thyroid difficulties. Hair thinning can also be caused by a diet lacking in protein and iron.

If you have diabetes or lupus, you’re more likely to lose your hair.

Hair loss may be a side effect of medications you’re taking for:

  • Cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Depression
  • Gout
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart problems

Shock or Stress

Hair loss can be caused by sudden or extreme weight loss, severe physical or emotional stress, surgery, or even fever and the flu.

Infections

Ringworm, for example, can cause scaly areas on the scalp and bald regions. After therapy, the hair normally regrows.

The Immune System of Your Body

Alopecia areata is a hereditary disorder that causes abrupt hair loss that produces round bald spots the size of a quarter in various areas on your head. It usually starts in childhood. If a close family member has it, you’re more likely to have it.

The immune system of your body targets your hair follicles, causing tiny patches of hair loss. There is no discomfort or illness, and it is not communicable. Your hair may regrow, but it may also fall out again.

Impulse Control Disorders

Trichotillomania is a chronic disorder in which people feel compelled to remove their hair from their scalp, brows, or anywhere else. It is estimated that 1-2 percent of adults and teenagers will be affected.

Grooming

When the hair adjacent to the scalp is pulled hard in a ponytail, braids, or cornrows, it can induce traction alopecia or temporary hair loss. Hot oil treatments and perms can also harm your hair follicles.

Myths

There are many old wives’ tales regarding hair loss, the majority of which are untrue. Consider the following scenario:

  • Although wearing a baseball cap or hat can cause “hat hair,” it does not cause hair loss.
  • Swimming in a chlorinated pool or saltwater has no effect.
  • Although sunscreen will not cause your hair to fall out, it will protect the places where your hairline has receded.
  • Hairdryers may make your hair brittle, but they won’t make it fall out permanently.

Sources and references : https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/hair-loss/men-hair-loss-causes

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