‘’A nation’s development is not guaranteed by technological advancement alone. Growth is accelerated by sympathetic depolarization of the society to make it more inclusive and supportive of all people regardless of their orientation.’’ – Queer Wolf
A) Unresolved Human Rights Issues (Particularly LGBT and Male rights)
While India’s laws are based on Victorian laws, they need to be updated to reflect the dynamic changes in modern society. While the laws pursue criminals, there appears to be a gender disparity in the execution of these rules. This disparity in rights has brought Indian society to a halt.
Similarly, the LGBT community is in desperate need of assistance. Even though homosexuality has been legal in India since 2018, Indian laws prohibit same-sex marriage. When compared to the most developed nations such as the Netherlands, Spain, Canada, France, and Belgium, India lags in terms of embracing homosexual marriage. A nation’s development is not guaranteed by technological advancement alone. Growth is accelerated by sympathetic depolarization of the society to make it more inclusive and supportive of all people regardless of their orientation. Although some states jurisdictions recognize homosexual couples’ cohabitation rights, there is still antagonism in this area. Similarly, even though it is legal, unrestricted expression of sexual orientation is still seen as taboo.
Despite a population of 136 million people, a large portion of India’s youth is unemployed. According to data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), joblessness increased in both urban and rural India by July 25, 2021. While the national unemployment rate increased to 7.14 percent from 5.98 percent the previous week, rural unemployment increased sharply to 6.75 percent from 5.1 percent. Unemployment in urban India, where economic activity has mostly opened up, increased marginally to 8.01 percent from 7.94 percent, remaining higher than the national and rural statistics. Some of the reasons for unemployment are:
1. Social Injustice
2. Unrealistic Corporate Demands
3. Social Stratification
4. Regressive and Irrelevant Family Structure
5. Regressive Core Values
6. Business Incompetence
8. Inadequate Government Compensation
9. Taboos & Notions
C) Faulty Transport System
The transportation system is developing unevenly. In certain cities and areas, rail and road transportation are under severe strain. There is a shortage of quick and adequate public transportation in metropolitan areas. This deficit leads to an increase in personal transportation (own automobiles), putting additional strain on roads and causing traffic congestion and accidents. Hilly and isolated locations, on the other hand, lack all-weather transportation. Our transportation system’s major issue is that its infrastructure is outdated.
D) Environmental Issues
India is now experiencing uncontrolled pollution and environmental issues. The primary environmental challenges that India faces today are land degradation, natural resource depletion, and biodiversity loss. The main source of water contamination is untreated sewage. In addition, increased building and automobile traffic contribute to urban pollution. India must begin on a path of long-term growth. Fires have erupted in solid waste disposal sites across India as a result of the country’s rapid urbanization and solid waste management difficulties. To accommodate our growing population, large tracts of once-forested land have been deforested. To fulfill its rising energy demand, India remains primarily reliant on thermal power plants, increasing coal mining rates. Rapid population expansion has put a strain on our natural resources, particularly water. Drought is severe in certain regions of the nation.
E) Unsound Education System
India’s education system is sometimes chastised for being overly theoretical, rather than practical and skill-based. Students study to get good grades, not to learn new things. The colonial overlords created this so-called modern education system to create servants who could serve but not lead, and we now have the same education system. Rabindranath Tagore wrote several papers in which he proposed changes to India’s educational system. However, success is elusive as ever.
F) Defective Infrastructure
Tardiness, budget overruns, and poor planning plague India’s infrastructure projects, stifling economically important connections and sapping precious resources. Structural breakdowns are also common and deadly. Roads in India are in a horrific state. India must move quickly to improve its infrastructure, including roads, cheap housing, and basic amenities like water, sanitation, and primary healthcare.