Hazardous commodities can be transported by land, sea, waterways, rail, or even air, however due to the sensitivity and risk factors involved, special safety measures must be implemented. They include careful conditioning and packaging, precise handling procedures throughout transit, and training and development for those involved in the handling and transportation of this kind of goods.
In addition, the IS 18149:2023, which governs packaging, labelling, marking, handling, documentation, the role of stakeholders, training, transportation, emergency action, and segregation provisions, offers standards in these areas. Explosives, gases, flammable liquids, flammable solids, oxidising substances, organic peroxides, poisonous and infectious substances, radioactive substances, corrosive substances, and other various harmful substances are among the dangerous items included in the standard.
This standard was developed to give rules for all parties involved in the safe transportation of dangerous commodities, including vehicle owners/transport companies, contractors, consignors, consignees, operators, and drivers.