Modern architecture, a result of the Industrial Revolution, developed in response to new industrial materials and technologies, resulting in aircraft and sleek façades removing ornamentation and rejecting earlier traditional styles, materials, and techniques of construction. Materials help in achieving the physical form of a design. Creation materiality is the only tangible factor. And this tangible component presents a variety of intangible feelings and emotions that can be controlled by selecting the right material. For example, the warm feeling given by wood, the feeling of joy and comfort, the cold feeling given by metals, or the raw feeling given by concrete. Selection of suitable material has an equal stake in designing as compared to aesthetics and functionality. Materials can change the way the space makes you feel.
Some Materials help modern architecture to showcase different styles of architecture.
- Brick In Modern Architecture
- Glass In Modern Architecture
- Aluminum In Modern Architecture
- Wood In Modern Architecture
- Steel In Modern Architecture
As the demand for sand continues to grow, so are the problems associated with it worldwide. The multi-billion-dollar industry is draining offshore sources and sand miners turning to less favorable supplies. According to a 2015 WIRED article, dozens of islands in Indonesia have already disappeared, and ecosystems have been damaged so much that countries such as Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia have banned the export of sand.
Environmental Impacts of Building Materials
As the effects of climate change become more apparent around the world, sustainability is a major concern in every industry. In the fields of architecture and construction, the materials we use are important to the natural environment as well as our health. Many common building materials, from wood to naturally occurring stones and minerals, can cause great harm to the environment. Other materials, even those marketed as sustainable, require a great deal of energy to make and/or maintain. Energy consumption and waste generation can also vary between building materials, which can have substantial environmental impacts.
Buildings are large entities and as such, they impact the environment in different ways. Present-day designs consume large amounts of resources such as materials, energy, and money in their manufacture, maintenance, and use; But they can also result in impacts such as loss of convenience and biodiversity that are more difficult to assess.
To reduce its carbon footprint and improve the health of the planet, considering the environmental impact of a construction project is thus critical to the process. The energy needs of the completed structure are another aspect of the overall picture, and alternatives to toxic fossil fuels such as highly efficient solar power systems are readily available.
Environmental consequences across the entire supply chain
Extraction and processing of raw materials always have an impact on the environment, as a result of which they affect soil erosion, water scarcity, loss of biodiversity, damage to ecosystem functions, and intensification of global warming. and that’s not all. The use of products made from raw materials almost always results in greenhouse gas emissions, pollution, damage to ecosystems, and/or loss of biodiversity. Products require energy and water, as well as land for shipping, marketing, and use. Improper product use provokes harmful emissions that can end up in our water, soil, and air. The elements of the infrastructure that we regard as our homes, not to mention the countless daily activities, often involve extensive resource use and result in the paving of greenfield land, damage to ecosystems and nature. The beauty gets spoiled.
Exploitation, exploration, mining, and processing of natural resources have resulted in a variety of environmental damages including ecological disturbance, destruction of natural flora and fauna, pollution of air, water, and land, instability of soil and rocks, landscape degradation, desertification, and global warming.
And even at the last stage of the supply chain, environmental damage is inevitable. For example, recycling requires energy, using waste for energy generates greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and permanently dumping garbage on greenfield land.
Thus, the use of resources already exceeds the regenerative potential of the earth because non-renewable natural resources are limited and their quality is often mediocre. The increasing pressure on natural resources resulting from stagnant population growth around the world may stimulate competition from other potential uses.
The rapid increase in construction activities as a result of increasing population and urbanization. Construction generates large amounts of waste in many parts of the world. To reduce and Management these wastes requires a comprehensive understanding of construction waste generation factors. The reduction of waste from construction would have many benefits, including a cost reduction, reducing the use of virgin materials for natural resource conservation, and production of building materials. By reducing the amount of construction material and cost of waste disposal. In addition, reducing waste creates a competitive advantage for stakeholders in the construction industry, especially subcontractors, prime contractors, and real estate developers. Other benefits derived from reducing waste are reducing carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), reducing health problems in workers and communities around construction sites, increasing landfill life spans, and reducing project costs.
If we want to prevent further damage to ecosystems and people’s lives, we need to re-evaluate how much resources we are using and where it is coming from. In the 21st century, it is almost impossible to look beyond a world in which our past resources have been depleted, so many companies and start-up firms have begun to explore alternatives uses. That’s how we understand, using eco-friendly resources is so important for our environment.
– Amrin Ahmed