The environmental effects

13.The environmental effects - The 10 Most Promising Clean Tech Startups 2022

The environmental effects

The biggest problem the world is facing today is environmental pollution. Environmental impacts include the five basic types of pollution: air, water, soil, noise, and light. Environmental pollution is the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected.

Air pollution affects all things. It is harmful to our health, and it impacts the environment – reducing visibility and blocking sunlight, causing acid rain, and harming forests, wildlife, and agriculture. Greenhouse gas pollution, the cause of climate change, affect the entire planet.

Effects Of Air Pollution

The effects of air pollution on the human body depend on the type of pollutant and the length and level of exposure, as well as other factors, including the individual’s health risks and the cumulative effects of multiple pollutants or stressors.

  • Harm To Human Health: Ground-level ozone causes the muscles in the lungs to contract, making breathing difficult. Exposure to high levels of ozone can cause sore throat, cough, inflammation of the lungs, and permanent damage to the lungs.
  • Harming Animals and Plants: Damage to the respiratory system is the most common effect on animals, but neurological problems and skin irritation are also common.

Ozone pollution harms plants by damaging structures called stomata, which are tiny pores on the underside of leaves that allow the plant to “breathe.” Some types of plants can protect themselves by temporarily closing their stomata or by producing antioxidants, but others are particularly vulnerable to damage.

Effects of Water pollution

  • Affects Aquatic Life: Water contamination has a significant impact on aquatic life. It affects their metabolism and behavior, as well as causes disease and death. Dioxin is a toxin that causes a variety of issues, ranging from reproductive issues to uncontrolled cell development and cancer. This chemical accumulates in fish, poultry, and meat. Chemicals like these make their way up the food chain before entering the human body.
  • Groundwater contamination: Pesticides and fertilizers used in agricultural production pollute groundwater as well as our ecology. If this groundwater is directly delivered to our home via bore-wells or tube-wells, it will cause a multitude of health issues. 
  • Affects Human Health: Pollution affects humans, and fecal matter in water sources can cause illnesses such as hepatitis. Poor drinking water treatment and contaminated water can always lead to an epidemic of infectious illnesses like cholera.

Effect of Soil Pollution

  • Effects on humans: The contamination of soil has a major consequence on human health. Crops and plants that are grown on polluted soil absorb most of the pollution and then pass them to humans. Living, working, or playing in contaminated soil can lead to respiratory diseases, skin diseases, and other health problems. Diseases caused by soil pollution include Irritation of the skin and the eyes, headaches, nausea, vomiting, coughing, pain in the chest, and wheezing.
  • Effects on Plants: In such a short period, plants are unable to adapt to the soil change chemistry. Fungi and bacteria found in the soil that bind them together start to decline, which creates an additional problem in soil erosion. Regular use of chemical fertilizers, inorganic fertilizers, pesticides will decrease the fertility of the soil and alter the structure of the soil. This will lead to a decrease in soil quality and poor quality of crops. The fertility of the soil diminishes slowly, making land unsuitable for agriculture and any local vegetation to survive.
  • Effects on the Ecosystem: The soil is an important habitat for different types of microorganisms, birds, and insects. Thus, changes in the chemistry of soil can negatively impact the lives of living organisms and can result in the gradual death of many organisms. 


If pollution is not controlled, by 2030, our environment will become so poisonous that it will be necessary to use an oxygen kit to breathe easily. Rising pollution will also lead to premature aging. Human exposure to different kinds of toxins will increase to a great extent leading to unbalance of the ecosystem.

Amrin Ahmed

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