Revolution is need
Air pollution has become a major source of concern for individuals and governments in India. It has started showing its severity in the past two decades with changes in the climate cycle. Construction and development in the financial income of lower-middle-class families have showcased this upward trend. It’s not just restricted to lower-middle-class families; research has found that financially rich families around the globe are the major contributors to waste generation and pollution. Very few are taking it seriously, and working to resolve this rising threat to humanity.
All around the world, air contamination is a quiet executioner. The air contamination levels in India are among the most noteworthy on the planet, representing a weighty danger to the nation’s wellbeing and economy. Practically each of India’s 1.4 billion individuals are presented to undesirable degrees of encompassing PM 2.5 – the most destructive poison – radiating from numerous sources. These little particulates with a distance across of under 2.5 microns, is around one-30th the width of a human hair. Openness to PM 2.5 can cause such destructive sicknesses as cellular breakdown in the lungs, stroke, and coronary illness. Encompassing and indoor air contamination is assessed to have caused 1.7 million unexpected losses in India in 2019. The wellbeing effects of contamination likewise address a weighty expense for the economy. Lost work pay because of lethal ailment from PM 2.5 contamination in 2017 was in the scope of $30-78 billion, equivalent in extent to around 0.3-0.9 percent of the nation’s GDP.
PM 2.5 comes from an assortment of sources. Probably the most widely recognized sources incorporate emanations from consuming petroleum products, for example, coal or oil and biomass like wood, charcoal, or harvest deposits. PM 2.5 can likewise come from the windblown residue, including regular residue just as residue from building locales, streets, and modern plants.
Plans in Action
India is taking very important steps to address this issue. The Government of India is considering reviewing its environmental and air quality standards and has recently tightened its standards for vehicle and industrial emissions. The focus on expanding renewable energy, popularizing electric vehicles and providing LPG fuel for cooking to millions of households is an example of India’s actions to combat air pollution.
The Government of India (GOI) has introduced National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) to resolve the problem of deteriorating air quality. The NCAP is mainly focusing on cities that are topping the list of the world’s most air-polluted cities. Currently, they have shortlisted 132 cities that are not attaining the air quality standards.
In 2020, based on the recommendations of the 15th Finance Commission, the Government of India has set aside about $1.7 billion to fight air pollution over the next five years for the 42 Indian cities that have million-plus populations – provided they reduce their air pollution levels by 15 percent every year.
Union government has also introduced the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicle (FAME) scheme to boost the purchase of battery/electric vehicles in order to keep vehicular pollution under control. The scheme also includes hybrid vehicles which consist of a battery and alternate fuel. This scheme was introduced in 2011 and was in action from 2015 as FAME-I later it was upgraded in the year 2019 and was termed as FAME-II which is now extended to 2024.
It needs to be taken seriously by every citizen of our nation as we all are exposed to this upcoming disaster and could possibly damage the upcoming young generation’s life as well. Burning less fossil fuel and other toxic substances could help us reduce the pollutant particles in the air we breathe.
Let’s not just keep it as a topic for discussion on the table, working on the ground zero level can only help us achieve our target to breathe clean and pure air. Planting trees will not solve this problem; we need to take care of these newly planted saplings and side-by-side keep reducing the pollutant particles in the air.
“Let’s make it green and clean”
– By Parag Ahire