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What is urban planning?

Urban planning, also known as regional planning, city planning, rural planning, or town planning, is a technical and political process that focuses on the development and design of land use and the built environment, including infrastructure for air, water, and watercourses. incoming and outgoing cities, such as transport, communication, and distribution networks and their accessibility. Traditionally, urbanism is guided by a top-down approach to mastering the physical organization of human dwellings. 

The main interest is the public interest, which includes considerations of efficiency, hygiene, protection, and use of the environment as well as the effects of the master plans on social and economic activity. Over time, urban planning has adopted a study of social and environmental foundations, which focuses on planning as a tool to improve people’s health and well-being while maintaining sustainability standards. Sustainable growth was added as one of the primary goals of all planning efforts at the end of the 20th century when the harmful economic and environmental impacts of earlier planning models became apparent. 

Why urban planning?

Urbanism answers the questions of how people live, work and play in the area, and thus accompany the smooth development of urban, suburban, and rural areas. Although primarily concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planners are also responsible for planning the efficient transport of goods, resources, people, and waste; distribution of basic necessities such as water and electricity; a sense of inclusion and an opportunity for people of all kinds, cultures, and needs; economic growth or business development; improving the health and protection of areas of natural environmental importance which have actively contributed to the reduction of CO2 emissions as well as the protection of monuments and the built environment. 

Urban planning is a dynamic area because questions about how people live, work, and play have changed over time. These changes are often reflected in planning methods, zoning codes & policies, which make it a more technical, political, social, economic, and environmental environment.

What does urban planning include? 

Urbanism is an interdisciplinary field that includes civil engineering, architecture, human geography, politics, social sciences, and design sciences. Urban planning practices deals with research and analysis, strategic thinking, engineering architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation, and management. It is located near an urban area, and some urban planners have provided designs for streets, parks, buildings, and other urban areas. 

Urban planners work with the same fields in construction, landscape architecture, architecture & public administration to achieve strategic, political, and sustainable goals. Leading urban planners are often members of the same fields today, urban planning is a separate, independent professional discipline. The discipline of urban planning is a broader category that covers various sub-areas such as spatial planning, spatial planning, economic development, environmental planning, and transport planning. Planning requires a good understanding of penal codes and zone codes when planning.

Technology Support in urban planning 

Technical aspects of urban planning include the use of scientific, technical processes, considerations & functions involved in land use planning, city design, natural resources, transport, and infrastructure. Urban planning includes techniques such as: population growth forecast, zone planning, geographical map and analysis, park space analysis, water supply research, traffic pattern identification, food demand identification, health & social services allocation, and land use analysis.

Economic & Environmental Effect 

There has been a prediction of more population migrating towards big cities for job opportunities and improving the living standards. Cities in India are already congested and require new floor plans to mitigate the changes. Diversifying the burden and planning the city’s requirements on priority can help reduce the risk of economic loss. A congested city could bring in health issues that consume most of the financial wealth. 

Planning for clean air and water in advance could avoid the consequences in the future. Every administrative authority should take the responsibility to have their city well planned and prepared for the unprecedented situation.

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