The world is in constant motion. It’s not just us who make short trips or long trips to reach our goals, but also the goods we use every day. Even goods that we don’t usually see or use are hard at first. Oil, ores, coal, fabrics, food, electronics, and everything else around us take several turns before reaching us, except nature.
Of all the goods and commodities, we need in life, 90% of them are transported by sea. Home to nearly 800 ports, there are thousands of freight routes with cargo ships to and from all habitable continents. Of these, only about 50 major hubs are responsible for most of the global world trade that takes place on the waves.
However, although each country is focused on developing port infrastructure, there are a few global leaders who own seaports – larger and busier than others. Given the continent’s geographic location in the middle of important maritime trade routes connecting European and Middle Eastern ports, it is interesting to know that the busiest port facilities are in Asia.
The economy depends on a port’s size and the volume of cargo it handles. International ports are critical for importing and exporting goods such as raw materials, food, consumer products, and more around the world. There are more than 360 commercial ports in the US alone and over 800 ports worldwide. However, according to the data of the World Maritime Council, five of the hundreds of people who distribute goods every day are at the top of the list of the world’s largest ports.
Top Biggest Container Ports In 2022
- Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands: The Port of Rotterdam is the largest, busiest, and most important port in Europe. This port is renowned for its transshipment capabilities, the petrochemical industry, and its determination to operate to environmentally friendly standards and reduce the carbon footprint of its operations to a minimum.
The Port of Rotterdam is also one of the most modern ports in the world. The terminals of the port are largely computerized and have berths using robotic cranes and autonomous chariots. There are all kinds of sensors throughout the port for the identification, classification, and storage of containers whose data is collected and processed by a cloud-based platform.
- Jebel Ali Port, Dubai, United Arab Emirates: Jebel Ali Port is the world’s largest man-made port and the second largest after Shanghai Port. Filled with 67 technologically advanced quays, Jebel Ali Port has a carrying capacity of over 15 million TEUs per year. Its deep-water moorings and wide berths are suitable for accommodating even naval fleets of aircraft carriers and accompanying warships. Therefore, this port is the most important destination for the US Navy.
The port, called Mina Jebel Ali, has several free trade zones, which is an attractive reason for more than 5,000 foreign companies from around 120 different countries to locate their businesses there.
- Shanghai Port, China: Shanghai Port is the busiest and largest port in the world. It has been in existence for 180 years (opened in 1842), but only became the world’s leading port when it took over the Port of Singapore about 12 years ago (in 2010). This deep-sea port, which serves China’s economic power due to its strategic location where the country’s main river meets the Yellow and the East China Sea coasts, is responsible for approximately 26% of China’s foreign trade. There is also a terminal for cruise ships where approximately 1 million people come to visit Shanghai city annually.
- Port of Los Angeles, USA: The Port of Los Angeles is an example of sustainable, responsible, and environmentally responsible shipping practices. It’s also a very profitable and socially important facility that creates more than 16,000 jobs and brings in more than $40 billion each year to the California treasury. The Port of Los Angeles is self-governing and does not depend on taxpayer financing. Its property has facilities that it rents to tenants and collects fees and royalties. Other services performed at this port include berths, docks, berths, storage, and piloting. The most important partner of the port in China. It is known for its export of paper and paper products, and its largest imports are furniture products.
- Laem Chabang Port, Thailand: Laem Chabang Port may be the third-largest port in Thailand, but it is the busiest. Bangkok has the largest port in the country, but due to the more favorable location and natural environment, the Thai government invested in a new port and opened Laem Chabang Port in 1991. Out of a total of eleven port terminals, seven are container terminals, one is a multi-purpose terminal, one is a ro-ro terminal, one is a general cargo handling terminal, and one is a shipyard terminal.
The world’s busiest ports are determined by the container traffic passing through them. Therefore, the world’s largest ports need not be the world’s busiest at the same time. The marine domine has increased by leaps and bounds over the past few decades, and ports and port facilities are needed to meet these ever-increasing requirements. This is exactly why shipping authorities in each country focus on ensuring that shipping ports are adequate to meet the needs of industry operators and drivers.
Global trends indicate that the main goal of 2030 is to unravel the landscape of the port industry for the next decade. And some Port Advisory’s purpose is to provide support and insight to maritime industry executives.
– Amrin Ahmed