Every country has tasted the effects of climate change. India has been facing environmental challenges of its own. The high density of population contributed to pollution & contamination of several natural resources. Inadequate waste management led to mountain high garbage and waste, which is now a headache for several authorities.
Classification of waste
Waste is mainly divided into two categories: Organic and inorganic waste. Organic waste is one that is generated out of natural elements that can get decomposed into land easily. Most organic waste is dumped in landfills to convert into organic fertiliser. It even improves soil quality and enriches plants and crops.
Inorganic waste, is further classified as per the industry and its compositions. It consists of:
- Plastic waste
- Metal Waste
- Medi Waste
- Electronic waste
- Paper waste, etc.
India’s urban areas are recording a massively increasing amount of solid waste month-on-month. It has created issues for urban local bodies to maintain and segregate waste. Rising migration from rural parts and increasing industrialisation is the major contributor to this situation.
Every State capital or any other principal city in India is facing Solid waste management (SWM) challenges due to high population density. The issue of SWM is drastically rising due to the living standards and rapid urbanisation. Regardless of these issues, Municipal Corporations are taking fewer actions.
When you want to solve an issue, you must search for its origin. That’s the simplest and the fastest way to identify and neutralise the threat or challenge. The majority of our population still resides in the rural or suburban regions.
The youngest population in the world is currently residing in the rural regions of India. They are now well prepared to migrate for their financial stability and make their families survive. That puts pressure on the urban authorities to manage the population.
Every city has its limitations. Mumbai, for instance, has over 10 million population in & out of its boundaries. Our national capital, Delhi, is brimming and has been left with limited capacity to attend to new migrants.
Researchers & Tech developers are developing and innovating gadgets and products that ease the process of work. We have witnessed an immense level of development in electronic appliances in the last two decades. For instance, mobile phones are a hot topic for the trend. Packed food is another trend in the world that is demanding multiple packaging solutions that are truly food grading and safe.
Waste generation in India
No one took it seriously until China generated Covid19 virus hit us hard. Environmental crisis was taken seriously and was being discussed among the young generation as well.
Statistics show that an increase in living standards results in a rise in demand for goods and services. The booming BPM & BPO sectors (categorised under the IT sector) contribute at large to job creation and income generation of the middle class & lower-middle-class population of India. As the income increases, demand for luxurious goods increases.
As per the data available in the market, around 62 million tonnes of waste is generated annually in India. Waste collection in India is around 43 million tonnes which is 70% of the total waste generation. Out of this 12 million tonnes is treated and 31 million tonnes of waste ends up in landfill sites or dumping grounds. The number of waste generation will undoubtedly show a quick upward trend as the development projects pick up the pace.
“The time for meetings are over. It’s time for action before it gets too late.” These are the words from the young and worried population of the nation. To clean up the mess that has been created in the last couple of decades by humankind, has gotten serious attention by the revolutionary minds.
Startups and specifically concerned young graduates are participating in creating a sense of responsibility among other individuals to contribute to resolving the waste issue. Startups are involved in changing the habit of using plastic & thermocol cups & plates in the food industry. Now, we have eco-friendly alternatives for plastic cups, spoons & plates, which got replaced by wooden or food grading paper.
I know a few startups in India that address industrial wastewater and sewage water. They treat it in such a way, that it helps rivers stay clean and unpolluted. Even a startup converts waste plastic wrappers into stylish plastic bags.
If you have a business mind, you can even convert waste into raw material. Opportunities are waiting for you to grab and make your life worthy by joining a revolution for Mother Nature and the future of mankind.
– Parag Ahire