In the present time, India has many bridges. Bridges have been constructed in places where it seemed impossible, over rivers, high altitude areas, and even mountains. Some of these bridges are magnificent and are considered beautiful pieces of engineering. How big can bridges be in the land of rivers, lakes, canals, and dams? Indian Bridge’s infrastructure makes its way into the international market. India has some of the best structures of flyovers, expressways, tunnels, and bridges which include hanging bridges, live bridges, and common bridges. These bridges play a very important role in building the second largest road network in the world. The best way to appreciate the city’s beauty is to observe it from the middle of the river. India has a total of 1,47,523 bridges across the country’s massive network. Of this, a total of 37,689, which is roughly 1 in 4 bridges, are a century old or even older.
Here I like to mention some of the most beautiful river road bridges of India:
- Dhola Sadiya Bridge, Assam: Dhola Sadiya Bridge on the Lohit River is the longest road bridge in India, located on the Brahmaputra River in Assam connect the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The 9.15 kilometers long road bridge was inaugurated by the Honourable Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi on 26th May 2017. The Dhola Sadiya Bridge was built at a considerable cost and is an asset to the nation.
- Howrah Bridge, West Bengal: When one thinks of Kolkata, the image of the Howrah bridge pops into one’s head. The bridge is one of four on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal. This iconic bridge in India dates back to 1943. The bridge deck consists of a 71ft carriageway and a 15ft pathway projected on both sides of the trusses and supported by a fascia girder.
- Bandra-Worli Sea Link, Mumbai: The Bandra-Worli sea link is a hanging cable-stayed, 8 lanes bridge that gives a huge relief from traffic for the Mumbaikars. The bridge connects the Western and Southern parts of Mumbai and has contributed to reducing the travel time from an hour to just 10-15 minutes. It is indeed an engineering marvel. A new landmark of Mumbai, Bandra-Worli Bridge is India’s Biggest Sea Link Bridge and India’s very own golden gate.
- Jawahar Setu, Bihar: The Jawahar Setu is across the Sone River, between Dehri-on-Son and Son Nagar, in the Indian state of Bihar. The 3 Km long road bridge carries the Grand Trunk Road/ NH 2. There is also the second longest railway bridge that runs parallel to the road bridge which is called Nehru Setu.
- Pamban Bridge, Tamil Nadu: Pamban Bridge in Tamil Nadu is India’s first sea bridge and was opened in 1914. It served as the only link between the island Rameswaram and the mainland until 1988 when a road bridge was also constructed. German engineer Scherzer designed the central part of the Pamban Railway bridge which opens up and allows ferries to pass through. It is popularly known as the Scherzer span. It took over a decade to construct this bridge, and even after witnessing damage as it lies in a cyclone-prone, it stands tall.
A bridge is a structure made of metal or concrete that connects one end to another be it roadways or railways. As basic as that might sound, bridges have helped change the lives of people. They have provided people access to the outside world, made life easier for people, and opened routes for them, both literally and metaphorically. India has many bigger and more outstanding road and rail bridges such as Vikramshila Setu, Vashi Bridge, Mahanadi Bridge, the longest rail bridge in India “Vembanad Rail Bridge” and under construction tallest bridge in the world Chenab Bridge in Kashmir.